“With respect to international borders, it’s quite a conservative, cautious assumption that international borders will gradually reopen from the middle of next year,” he said. “The confusion around the international border opening or remaining closed, it’s crippling industries like tourism and education. So is the international border going to open by the middle of next year?” she asked, pushing for some certainty. Right now Oz gov is signaling it expects to keep border closed - even for vaccinated - into 2022. Catriona Jackson, chief executive of Universities Australia, said the sector “cannot sustain” its losses with the border remaining shut.