In short, the answer is: yes, you can be fired while on probation. The difference between unfair dismissal and unlawful dismissalGenerally unfair dismissal procedures focus on whether there is a valid reason and whether a proper process was followed. You have a right to an unfair dismissal claim only after you have been employed for a minimum of six months. Basically, this means that you’re not protected by law from unfair dismissal until you pass your qualifying period. But it’s important to know your employment rights under probation.